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The global business of secondhand clothes thrives in Kenya

NAIROBI (Reuters) Shaded by ragged squares of canvas, amid choking Canada Goose Parka dust and the noise of hawkers, shoppers in Nairobi Gikomba market can turn up Tommy Hilfiger jeans or a Burberry jacket for a fraction of the price in London Regent Street or New York Fifth Avenue.

A vender sells Canada Goose sale pineapples next to a second hand stall at the Gikomba market cheap Canada Goose in Nairobi September 18, 2014. REUTERS/Noor Khamis

But there a catch: the clothes are all secondhand, discarded as worthless at canada goose clearance charity shops or thrift stores in Europe or the United States and then shipped thousands of miles 2018 canada goose outlet to another continent, occasionally in such pristine condition that an original canada goose clearance sale price tag is still attached.

Kenya imports about 100,000 tonnes of secondhand clothes a year, providing the government revenues from customs duties and creating tens of thousands of jobs. It also offers quality clothes to Kenyans, many of whom earn less in a month what a pair of new Ralph Lauren khakis costs in the West.

To critics, the business raises the perennial problem of how Africa can build its own industry when it is flooded with cheap imports. But traders in Gikomba do not see it that way.

a source of employment, said Clement Shuma from behind a pile of secondhand trousers canada goose coats his speciality that includes British high street makes like Topman and Next, and sometimes more internationally well known labels like Levis or Benetton.

that person who not well, who earning little, at least can afford a piece of cheap (clothing), at a lower price instead of buying new, canadian goose jacket he said, adding prices ranged from 400 to 1,000 shillings ($4.50 $11.20) per item, depending on quality and brand.

It is a common scene across Africa, with Ghana, Tanzania, Benin, Uganda and Kenya among the biggest markets. They provide clothing to many on a continent of 1 billion where economies may be growing but many canada goose coats on sale Africans struggle to Canada Goose Outlet get by.

if you see our people, the knees are torn. you can see the thighs, said Regina Wanjiku, a used clothes importer and wholesaler canada goose outlet store locations at Gikomba, describing the sartorial challenge before the business took off two or three decades online website ago when Kenyans depended on more expensive local products.

NEW COMPETITION How the trade has grown, in part, reflects the economic changes that have swept the continent. Until the 1980s, high tariffs Canada Goose Online protected home grown garment and other businesses.

Then economic liberalization programmes, backed by the World Bank and International Monetary Fund, started taking hold in Kenya and elsewhere. Tariffs were lowered and local factories had to contend with new competition. Many failed and shut.

Some industrialists say importing secondhand clothes, known in Swahili as undermines Kenya own garment makers.

has hurt badly the domestic market, said Rajeev Arora, executive director of the African Cotton Textile Industries Federation.

He said 85 percent of Kenya textile plants had closed since the early 1990s, while cotton output was a tenth of 1990s levels.

Other experts say it was not the used clothing imports that drove factories out of business, but inefficient production.

Dorothy McCormick, a University of Nairobi professor who has researched Kenya textile trade, said locally produced clothing was highly subsidised by the government and had always been too expensive to supply the domestic market.

People go about their secondhand stall bussiness at the Gikomba market in Nairobi September 18, 2014. REUTERS/Noor Khamis

filled a gap in the market, cheaply, she said.

Kenya, a nation of canada goose 44 million people, is now building up a new garment making business, but the focus this time is on exports. Kenyan factories exported garments worth $335 million in 2013 and the business employed 40,000 people, says Jaswinder Bedi, a Canada Goose online Kenya based director of the International Textile Manufacturers Federation. market.

HAWKER TO IMPORTER Nairobi City Council estimates that about 65,000 people work in Gikomba, Kenya largest market, with some people sharing stalls or working on different days of the week. In addition, there are a dozen or so smaller markets in Nairobi, and other markets around the country, creating more employment.

The informal nature of much of the trade makes it difficult to estimate precise numbers, though researchers and officials suggest it may employ hundreds of thousands.

Banks have spotted an opportunity and, since 2007, several have opened branches next to Gikomba to serve the traders.

actually follow the customer, from maybe a hawker to an importer, said Benjamin Karanja, a spokesman for Family Bank, which operates at the market. buy canada goose jacket cheap as they grow, we also grow.

He estimated the canada goose deals market turnover was $1.1 million a month.

The route from donor to new owner, described by officials, exporters, wholesalers, traders and academics, canada goose replica takes the used clothes halfway around the world with the money made at each canada goose black friday sale point racking up to a multi million dollar global business.

creates new livelihoods and it creates new value in a commodity, which canada goose store otherwise would buy canada goose jacket have been dumped, said David Simon, a geographer at the Royal Holloway, University of London.

At Kenya Mombasa port, customs agents collect duties of 1.2 million shillings or more per container, officials and traders Canada Goose Jackets say. Canada Goose Coats On Sale Although officials did not have total revenue figures, the state statistics agency said imports canada goose outlet toronto factory amounted to 100,000 tonnes worth about $90 million in 2013 alone.

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Grooming Minute: canada goose store Must-Have Classic Scents for Summer

Cool Water by Davidoff($68.50, canada goose replica Kenneth Cole Vintage Black($70, JohnVarvatosVintage($62, Jean PaulGaultierLe Male($75, Givenchy Play For Canada Goose Online Him($77, <>Confident. Masculine. Hardworking. Smooth. What does Canada Goose Parka your cologne say cheap Canada Goose about you? A man’s choice of cologne says Canada Goose online a lot about his personality. Finding the canada goose perfect canada goose deals scent can be difficult at times, but fellas: every woman will confess that there's nothing more memorable than the whiff of a good smelling man. You can’t go wrong with our picks of classic canada goose coats on sale scents, canada goose clearance sale fit for all guys.Cool Water by Davidoff ($68.50, a lasting Canada Goose Outlet impression with Cool buy canada goose jacket cheap Water by Davidoff. Embrace the aromatic blend Canada Goose sale of refreshing, powerful aquatic notes. Embody strength with the invigorating presence of this scent.Jean Paul Gaultier Le Male ($75, 20 canada goose black friday sale years later, Jean Paul Gaultier’s Le Male is still amongst the best-selling scents for men. With its fusion of seductive tones and canada goose coats canada goose outlet masculine aromas, who wouldn’t dare be attracted to canada goose clearance this fragrance?John Varvatos Vintage ($62, a gentleman with John Varvatos's Vintage cologne. This Canada Goose Coats On Sale delightful and dignified fragrance is classic, distinctive and smooth.Givenchy Play For Him ($77, play with Givenchy’s Play cologne. Indulge in buy canada goose jacket a warm and sensual tone from the Amyris wood, a Caribbean wood that will leave an exceptional, not overpowering aura behind Canada Goose Jackets everywhere you canadian goose jacket go.Kenneth Cole Vintage Black ($70, command with Kenneth Cole'sVintage Black fragrance. Exude confidence and be suave with this fresh scent. Treat yourself to memorable moments. It’s the perfect accent to a sophisticated suit.

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These men don’t want those stigmas attached to them, and no matter how hurtful canada goose black friday sale it has been, buy canada goose jacket cheap I canada goose deals understand. Photodisc My struggle in penning this essay is rooted in me canada goose trying to write it from the perspective of a man who resides in a place too many outside factors won’t let me rest in contently.Initially, I wanted to kick things off with recalling how I was once told by a dear friend and lesbian friend of mine, “You dance like a f*ggot.” It was said as a compliment, but it struck a nerve because it was a realization I long held myself, which is why I used to not dance publicly. I didn’t want to be pegged so easily, you know? These days, as noted canada goose clearance by other friends, you can find me twerkin’ with no shame at a tourist attraction or sidewalk near you.I wanted to use that Canada Goose online transition as some larger metaphor to explain how I’ve become at peace with some of the feminine traits attributed to gay men that apply to me in the midst of all the ones that don’t, and as a result, get canada goose coats on sale me called things like “fauxmo,” “non gay-gay,” and the like (which make me laugh). The goal was to show I’ve meshed aspects of myself that are considered “manly” and “womanly” and became a better person overall – regardless of what anyone thinks.It sounded so Canada Goose sale nice when I envisioned this piece and that sense of relief I wanted to convey. But I just couldn’t and finally it hit me: my anger lingers. Hauntingly so.There were a few reminders canadian goose jacket already floating around me, but my feelings were magnified following Frank Ocean’s revelation about his first true love.I was already irritated by Ocean’s words being twisted to fit everyone else’s agenda, though what truly pissed me off was how quickly Frank was feminized. Not just by straight people either. Many gay men are just as cheap Canada Goose guilty for taking such a beautiful and courageous act and trivializing it by referring to that man as “sis,” “butch queen,” musings about his butt and other stupid little quips that should’ve been kept in whatever cellar they Canada Goose Coats On Sale choose to keep things best left unsaid.Nothing Frank wrote warranted those juvenile responses.Don't other gay folks see canada goose replica what is happening? Does it not dawn on any of you that you’re succumbing to stereotypes invented by people who, no matter how much they may humor you at times, continue to look at you as secondary? How can you miss that these sorts of sentiments created the very kind of environment that left whoever Frank was in love with unable to admit his feelings?I know how Frank felt when he wrote: "I kept up a peculiar friendship with him because I couldn't imagine keeping up my life without him."I’ve been Canada Goose Jackets there.I’m still there.These men don’t want those stigmas attached to them, and no matter how hurtful it has been, I understand. Sometimes a bit more than my self-righteousness on the matter usually calls for.Frustrations notwithstanding, I’ve come to see the beauty in gay men who can be as genderless as they choose to. There is bravery in that, and I’m grateful to call many of these men my friends now. canada goose clearance sale However, I’ve always had canada goose coats a sneaking suspicion that for others, such behavior isn’t who they are but who they feel they have to be in order to belong.I know the personalities that make up the gay community are varied, but so many still don’t and refuse to challenge those arbitrary depictions — gays included.Such is the reason why when Canada Goose Online my homegirl’s girlfriend asks me if I’m one of those “messy gays” or readers of my site assert “I just know you Canada Goose Parka love RuPaul’s Drag Race,” I can’t help but feel a certain type of way.That’s not me, aren’t you paying attention?I try hard to live by this Muhammad Ali quote: "I know where I'm going and I know the truth, and I don't have to be what you want me to be. I'm free to be what I want."Thing is, you can choose to see canada goose store yourself however you want, but you still have to contend with everyone else around you. Those outside forces can wear thin after a while no matter how strong canada goose outlet a person you are.There is this mantra touted among us that dictates if you allow those outside factors to wear you down, you’re weak. It is a gross oversimplification of buy canada goose jacket much more complex issue of identity.I almost made the error of perpetuating that in this piece.Maybe I will eventually be the man I wanted to originally portray myself as. That isn’t who I am today, though. I Canada Goose Outlet am a gay man who knows who he is, but remains occasionally hurt over the fact that living life on my own terms doesn’t preclude me from certain harsh realities. It’s whimsical to think otherwise.It remains to be seen if I do ever end up the kind of guy who can find complete peace in spite of that. Until such revelation presents itself, in the meantime I have no choice but to take comfort in at least being a man of honesty.Michael Arceneaux is a Houston-bred, Howard-educated writer and blogger. You can read more of his work on his site,The Cynical Ones.Follow him on Twitter:@youngsinick.

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n junto a los restos de Newton y Darwin

(CNN) Las cenizas del fsico Stephen Hawking sern enterradas en la Abada de Westminster en Londres, al lado de las tumbas de los cientficos Sir Isaac Newton y Charles Darwin.

En un comunicado emitido por la Abada el martes, el reverendo John Hall, decano de Westminster, dijo que estaban preparando un tributo para el cientfico britnico, que muri la semana pasada a los 76 aos.

que es vital que la ciencia y la religin trabajen juntas para tratar de responder Canada Goose sale a las grandes getcanadagooseoutlet canada goose deals preguntas del misterio de la canada goose coats vida y del universo dijo canada goose black friday sale Hall en el canada goose comunicado.

Isaac Newton fue enterrado en la Abada canada goose uk tras su muerte en 1727, igual que ocurri con Charles Darwin un siglo y medio despus, en 1882.

La Abada anunci que hara tambin una misa en honor de Hawking este ao.

La reina Isabel II deposita una ofrenda floral en la tumba de Sir Isaac Newton en Londres, el 8 de marzo de 2010.

Considerado por muchos como el mejor Canada Goose Parka cientfico de su generacin, Hawking sobrellev una canada goose clearance sale enfermedad debilitante y gan fama en todo el mundo por su brillante trabajo en fsica terica.

Naci en Oxford, Inglaterra, Canada Goose Coats On Sale en 1942. Justo en el 300 aniversario de la muerte del astrnomo canada goose store y fsico buy canada goose jacket cheap Galileo Galilei.

MIRA: canada goose clearance 10 citas memorables de Stephen Hawking

Junto con Canada Goose Online su compaero fsico Roger Penrose, Hawking fusion la teora de la relatividad de Einstein con la teora cuntica para sugerir que el espacio y el tiempo comenzaran con canada goose outlet store locations el Big Bang y terminaran en agujeros negros.

Tambin public libros muy populares que permiten a los lectores unirse a l buy canada goose jacket para explorar los misterios del universo. El ms conocido, breve historia del tiempo vendi ms de 10 millones de copias.

Stephen Hawking en una imagen de 2014. (Crdito: David Parry/PA)

l logr todo mientras sufra ELA (Esclerosis Lateral Amiotrfica), una enfermedad neurodegenerativa que canada goose replica en realidad es normal en pocos aos. A l se la diagnosticaron en 1963.

LEE: Qu es la Canada Goose online ELA, la enfermedad con la que Canada Goose Outlet convivi Stephen Hawking durante 50 aos?

Pese a cheap Canada Goose que la enfermedad lo 2018 canada goose outlet dej paralizado y usando una silla de ruedas para moverse, Hawking deca en su pgina web que no haba dejado canada goose outlet toronto factory que esto le afectara a su manera de vivir su vida.

de llevar una vida tan Canada Goose Jackets normal como sea posible y de no pensar en mi condicin, ni arrepentirme de las cosas que me impide hacer, que no son tantas”, escribi Hawking canada goose coats on sale en su pgina web.

Tras su muerte, cientficos de todo el mundo mostraron sus condolencias, con Neil DeGrasse Tyron diciendo que haba dejado vaco intelectual con su paso canadian goose jacket no est vaco. Piensa en ello como una especie de energa de vaco que impregna el tejido del espacio tiempo que es difcil de medir dijo el astrofsico en su cuenta oficial de Twitter.

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A Opera Royal do Castelo de Versailles, verdadeira joia arquitetural, foi inaugurada em 1770 para o casamento de Louis XVI e Marie Antoinette.

A Opera de Versailles será a primeira sala elíptica da França. Seu arquiteto, Ange Jacques Gabriel, influenciado pela arquitetura italiana e pela melhor qualidade acústica das salas ovais ou redondas quebrou a tradição francesa de salas de teatro retangulares.

A Opera Royal não funciona todos os dias. Apesar de ter sido restaurada recentemente ela continua uma obra frágil e acolhe o público em algumas datas determinadas.

Sugestão de programa: antes ou após o espetáculo da Opera Royal, tome um drink no bar do Hotel Trianon de Versailles. Belo hotel pertinho do castelo.